MUSLIMS FROM THE LOST TRIBES OF ISRAELTHE PATHANS /PASHTUN /PAKHTUN /AFGHAN OF AFGHANISTAN & PAKISTAN ARE THE CHILDERN OF PROPHET YAQUB (ISRAEL) AND PROPHET ISHAQ (ISAAC) Alay Salam
By Muhammad Kundi
Quran tells the 2 Divisions of Progeny of Prophet Ishaq037.113 وَبَارَكْنَا عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى إِسْحَاقَ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِهِمَا مُحْسِنٌ وَظَالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ مُبِينٌ We blessed him and Isaac: but of their progeny are (some) that do right, and (some) that obviously do wrong, to their own souls.1) Muslims (The Pathans) & (2) Non Muslims (The Jews) Are THE TWO PARTS OF THE FAMILY OF PROPHET ISHAQ(Alayhay Salam)
BISMILLAHIR RAHMAAN NIR RAHEEMThe Pathan or Pashtun or Pakhtun or Ethnic Afghan are are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, who speak Pashto or Pakhto language and indigenous religion. The Pashtuns are the world's largest patriarchal tribal group in existence. The total population of the group is estimated at 52 million.Pathans are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan.Infact the word Afghan is synonymous to Pashtun as told in the following reference:The word Afghan ... first appears in history in the Hudud-al-Alam, a work by an Arab geographer who wrote in 982 A.D." Until the advent of the modern Afghan state in the 18th century, the word Afghan has been synonymous with Pashtun.The theory that the Pashtun or "ethnic Afghan"s are descended from the ancient Israelites—more precisely, from the perspective of Jewish history the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel— has a longstanding basis as a tradition among the Pashtun themselves, was widely accepted by 19th century British scholars, and has been accepted by some reasonably recent and prominent individuals such as Itzhak Ben-Zvi, second President of Israel. Ref: http://www.pakhtun.com/israeliSource.htm
THE CLAIM BY THE PATHANS AS BEING FROM BANI ISRAEL IS NOT JUST ORAL TRADITION The claim of Afghans to be the Bani Israel (Children of Israel) is not founded on oral tradition alone. It is supported by ancient monuments, old inscriptions, manuscripts, and historical works, many in the public domain, and many others in private collections. WRITTEN REFERENCES OLDER THAN 1000 YEARS TELLS THE TRUTH Apart from our own reference ,the oldest written reference we find is HUDUD-AL-ALAM written in 982AD by an Arab Geographer which clearly tells that PATHANS are not from ARAYANs but from BANI ISRAEL(infact he never mentioned the word ARAYAN) Also the word Afghan ... first appears in history in the Hudud-al-Alam and infact until the advent of the modern Afghan state in the 18th century, the word Afghan has been synonymous with Pashtun. Now in moderen times some of the Western Historians tell us that the Pathans are from the ARYANS and deny the ancient claim of the Pashtuns that they belong to the Lost tribes of Israel.This doesnt make any sense that someone from outside deny the claim of a whole Nation
ONE EXAMPLE OF A 700 YEAR OLD REFERENCE TELLING DETAILS ABOUT PATHANS ORIGIN One of the most ancient manuscripts available is Rauza ul Albab fi Tawarikh-ul-Akabir wal Ansab – The Garden of the Learned in the History of Great Men and Genealogies – by Abu Suleman Daud bin Abul Fazal Muhammad Albenaketi which was written in 1317 AD. The author in his Introduction explains that ever since the times of Moses the ancestors of Afghans have had to face great hardships. They were expelled from place to place and exterminated. Their ancient ancestors were sacked more than once and carried into captivity. In Chapter I a detailed history of Yaqub (Jacob) is given and in Chapter II the genealogies of the Afghan tribes are further traced.
SUDDEN TWIST OF OPINIONS BY THE SO CALLED WESTERN HITORIANS All the British Scholars in the 19th century never mentioned that Pathans are Aryans. Then suddenly some so called historians of the modern times in West claimed that Pathans/Pashtuns/Pakhtuns are Aryans and denied the claim of the Pathans of being from the Lost Tribes of Israel. One Un Biased Writer has said: "The Europeans always confuse things, when they consider the fact that the Afghans call themselves Bani Israel and yet reject their Jewish descent. Indeed, the Afghans discard the very idea of any descent from the Jews. They, however, yet claim themselves to be of Bani Israel." [Thomas Ledlie, More Ledlian, Calcutta Review, January, 1898] If Pathans are ARAYANs then so are the MARHATAS or The BERHAMAN Hindus, The Kashmiri Hindu Pandits, The Punjabi Arain Caste,The Jatt cast of Punajab, the Germans and so many numrous castes......it makes a strange situation when we say That Ahmad Shah Abdali was Fighting with the Pathans who were non Muslims i.e the MARHATAS.... It doesnt make sense since the Physical n Facial features of Pathans are entirely different from the Marhatas and PunjabisThese are all wrong claims put forward by some modern writers .The fact is that if Pathan's forfather have always called themselves as from the Childern of Prophet Israel then how come some modern day Western Writers deny this fact The realintention is only to change the meaning of ahadith which lead to the fact of Pathans being the Bani Israelis...u can find many references about this at [*]The declaration of saying that PATHANS are Aryans come from some modern days writers of the WEST and NOT FROM A SINGLE REFERENCE OF THE PAST or FROM THE REFERENCES OF OUR OWN FORFATHERS
It is a pity that we follow the reference of the people who were in dark ages for a thousand years (from 400 AD to 1400 AD),who had lost all sources of knowledge, history and culture in these 1000 years of darkness and who developed when they interacted with the Muslims in the Crusades which they never admit this .According to Quran ,Sura Al-Hujurat, verse No=6 49/6 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ جَاءَكُمْ فَاسِقٌ بِنَبَإٍ فَتَبَيَّنُوا أَنْ تُصِيبُوا قَوْمًا بِجَهَالَةٍ فَتُصْبِحُوا عَلَى مَا فَعَلْتُمْ نَادِمِينَO you who believe! if an evil-doer comes to you with a report, look carefully into it,…This verse tells us to be careful from the reports of the non believers The WEST tell us that the Pathans are from the ARYANS and deny the ancient claim of the Pashtuns that they belong to the Lost tribes of Israel.Its a funny thing to call Pasthuns as Arayans as the PUNJABI people, The Kashmiris and so many ethnic groups in India belong to the ARYANS and they have nothing in common with the Pathans. May Allah guide us all amen(allahuma salay ala Muhammad).
THE PROOFLet us prove the fact first by the ahadith of Dear Prophet(salallaho alayhay wa sallam)PROOF IN AHADITH OF DEAR PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Salallaho alayhay wa sallam)According to Ahadith the main signs of the majority of the Muslims (and the first followers) of the forces of Imam Mahdi are the following.1. They will come from the East2. They will come from the historical geographical region of Ancient Khorasan.3. They will be from a mighty warrior nation.4. They will be from a poor Nation.5. They are from a place with cold climate.6. They will be from the race of Bani Ishaq/Al-e-Haroon/Bani-Israel or Nation of ….liberated slaves (They all have the same meaning)
Now which race among the Muslims have all these 5 Sign?The Pathans living inAfghanistan and Pakistan have all these 6 signs because:1. They live in the East.2. They are the only people among Muslims considered to be among the lost tribes of Israel i.e from Bani Israel/Bani Ishaq/Al e Haroon /Nation of liberated slaves.3. They live in the region of ancient Khorasan.4. They belong to very poor nation.5. They are considered to be a fierce Warrior Race.6. They are from a place with cold climate. Now the Ahadith are telling that in the East , in the Historical Region of Khorasan,in the cold mountainous climate there exists a Warrior Race which belong to the family of Propher Ishaq (Isaq)Alayhay Salam who is the father of Prophet Jacob or Israel (Alayhay Salam).This proves that the Pathans are from the Lost Tribes of Israel and no other Nation is pointed out in these references from the AhadithSOME IMPORTANT FACTSBelow are the names/places common among the Pathans and the Bani-Israel.1. Pathan Pashtoons also known as Pathans.Very few people knows that Pithon is the name of the great-grandson of King Saul,mentioned among a list of hundreds of names chronicling the descendants of the Twelve Tribes (Ref:Chronicles I , 8:35) 8:34 The son of Jonathan:Meribbaal.8Meribbaal was the father of Micah.8:35 The sons of Micah:Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz.
2. AFGHANISTAN Afghanistan is derived from "Afghana," the grandson of King Saul of the tribe of Benjamin. This Historical fact is also ignored by the “innocent” so called Western “Historians”
3. kOHAT City in the NWFP and also Meaning: assembly in Hebrew is the second son of Levi, and father of Amram (Gen. 46:11) He came down to Egypt with Jacob, and lived to the age of one hundred and thirty-three years (Ex. 6:18).Note: The so called great Western Historians also skipped this important fact in their writings just to conceal the truth.
4. zabul Zabul was the name of the Son or grandson of Israel and also it’s the name province in Afghanistan.The fact is during the time Mahmud Ghaznavi,the whole of Afghanistan was called as ZABUL as famous poet FIRDAUSI called Mahmud as SHAH-E-ZABUL i.e King of Zabul.(Also this is ignored by the Wicked Historians of the West)
5. khyber A fort of Jews during the time of Dear Prophet Muhammad(sallalaho alay hay wa sallam)...and also a place on Pakistan and Afghanistan border which also has the same meaning as that of Hebrew i.e Fort.
6. peshawer This city in NWFP province of Pakistan has its name and location present in the Torah, a place called HABER or HAWER is mentioned as the place of exile of the lost tribes.Now Peshawer is comprised of two parts,the word Pesh means the Pass( which can be the famous Khyber Pass) and the Hawer means city and thus PESHAWAR means the city after the pass . Ref: (Kings II,17 and 18; Chronicles 1,5). Also check in Chronicles 5:26 at http://bible.cc/1_chronicles/5-26.htm “The God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, to this day.”
7. GOZAN (The Amu Darya):Also Gozan is mentioned in as the place of exile of the lost tribe. In Afghanistan the river Amu was also called River Gozan according to Afghani tradition. Therefore Historian Saadia Gaon called the Amu darya al the place of exile of the lost tribe. Ref: (Kings II,17 and 18; Chronicles 1,5). Also check in Chronicles 5:26 at http://bible.cc/1_chronicles/5-26.htm “The God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, to this day.” 8.CHildern of Joseph Yusufzai a pashtoon tribe claim to be the decendant of Joseoh(Yusuf) i.e Prophet of Bani Israel.
9. Afridis This famous tribe of Pashtoons is named after the son of Israel called Ephraim or Afraim.
10. Karak This is a city in Jordon(formally part of ancient Jewish state and also its a city in NWFP province of Pakistan.
11. Lugar A province in Afghanistan and also a name of present day Israeli family name, not to forget the famous wrestler LEX LUGAR.
12. Kabul Kabul is capital of Afghanistan and its a Hebrew word .Cab means unpleasant(or dirty) and bul means city meaning unpleasant city.
13. KHAN Most Pathans use KHAN in their names which resembles COHEN used in Jewish names.Also in Israel there is a city called YOUNUS KHAN with the word KHAN in it.
14. TAKHT-E-SULEAMANThis is the name of a place in the Pashtun area of Pakistan .It means the Throne of the Israeli King and also the Prophet Hazart Suleman (Alayhay Salam). This place is situated in the mountain ranges also named after King Solomon (Hazrat Suleman) as Koh-e-Suleman.
15. HARAT Also a place called HARA is mentioned in as the place of exile of the lost tribes and HARAT is a famous city in Afghanistan. Ref: (Kings II,17 and 18; Chronicles 1,5). Also check in Chronicles 5:26 at http://bible.cc/1_chronicles/5-26.htm “The God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, to this day.”
16. KASH/KISH Kish/Kash is is the name of numerous personalities mentioned in the Chronicles,all from the Bani-Israel,.like 1) A Levite of the family of Merari (1 Chr. 23:21; 24:29) ,(2.) A Benjamite of Jerusalem (1 Chr. 8:30; 9:36), (3.) A Levite in the time of Hezekiah (2 Chr. 29:12). In Afghanistan many places are named after Kash/Kish,like the desert of Dasht-I-Kash, lies in the north of the Helmund., the city of KASH which is mentioned in the map of Afghanistan 1912 in the Library of Congress USA, the main mountain ranges of Afghanistan also called the HINDU-KUSH and KASH ROD in Nimroz province .
17. MADIAN In Bible history, Madian was where Israeli Prophet Hazrat Musa(alayhay salam) spent the 40 years between the time that he left Egypt after killing an Egyptian who had been beating a Hebrew (Ref:Exodus 2:11-15). In the Pathan area of SWAT valley in Pakistan there is also a city with the same name as MADIAN.
18. DASHT-YAHOODI (The Jewish Plain) There is a famous place in the district MARDAN in Pakistan which is called Dasht-e-Yahoodi since its existence. (Reference : (H.W. Bellew, An Enquiry into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, 34),
19. KILLA YAHOODI( THE FORT OF JEWS) TA place at the eastern boundry of the subcontinent (the Afghanistan border)is called KILLA YAHOODI (The fort of Jews) (Reference : H.W. Bellew, An Enquiry into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, 34
PLACES OF EXILEIn the he biblical Book Isaiah it is said :Isaiah 11:11-12 :and he will raise a Banner to the Gentiles and will gather the banished of Israel ,and the dispersed of Judah will he bring together from the four corners of the earth".The places of exile of the lost tribes also mentioned in the books also point out the present day Afghanistan The Locations of the Exile. Other locations mentioned as placed of exile were the river Gozan, Habor, . Halah or Lahlah, and Hara. (Ref:Kings II,17 and 18; Chronicles 1,5). Also check in Chronicles 5:26 at http://bible.cc/1_chronicles/5-26.htm “The God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, to this day.” Where are these places of Exile?According to Saadia Gaon, “ River Gozan ” is the river north of the city of Balach in the north of Afghanistan. The river is known today as the “ Amu Darya ”, and is the border between Afghanistan and Russia. Afghanistan tradition states that the whole river was once known as the Gozen River.“Habor” is located in the pass between Afghanistan and Pakistan , and is called Pesh-Habor in Afghani (Pesh means Pass) after the city of the pass. The city is known today as Peshawar.“Hara” is the city of Harat near the Persian border. It is the third largest city in Afghanistan . The prophecy of Isaiah states that the exile will bring the tribes to the land of Sinim”: “Behold , these shall come from far, and , lo, these from the north and from the west, and these from the land of Sinim “( Isaiah 49:12) . This implies that the exile may have started
CLOTHES LIKE CHILDERN OF ISRAELNarrated Hazrat Umama reported Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: You and the Romans(Christians) will have four peace treaties *4. The fourth peace would be at the hand of a person who would be from the Al-e-Haroon( family of Prophet Haroon).This peace treaty would be for seven years. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was asked who would be the Imam of the Muslims at that time. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said” That person would be from my family,his age would be 40 years ,his face would be bright as a start and a black spot would be on his right cheek.He would be wearing two Qutwani Cloaks.He will appear exactly as the person from Bani Israeel. He will rule for 20 years and will conquer the cities of the Mushrikeen(Idolaters)_Ref: Kanz-ul-Aamal, Page 268, Hadith No 3868).________________________________ WHAT IS MEANT BY QUTWANI CLOAKS ? According to the reference of the kafirs i.e Britannica 1997 :Qutwani cloaks resembles the "TALLIT" of present day as called by the Israelis.Both Qutwani cloak and TALLIT have fringes (tzitzit) on borders and its mostly made of Wool.. It generally falls across the head, neck, and shoulders. However the Qutwani cloak is larger and more conspicuous prayer shawl than the Tallit.Now according to the Hadith there are “Two” Qutwani cloaks mentioned and are made of Wool (as many scholars described it ) and are wrapped around the body.Qutwani cloak is exactly like the cloaks worn by the Pashtoons of Afghanistan and Pakistan and its also worn in the same way like the Qutwani cloak described in the hadith and its explanation.The Pashtuns wrap these cloak around them to protect them from cold weather and they have fringes on the borders.Infact these cloaks are often the necessary part of the Pashtun dress (In Contrast to the present day jews who wear the so called Tziitzit as a symbol and which are much smaller to be wrapped around the body.infact it has just become a something to show off by jews and not essential part of dress).
The above mentioned hadith telling that Imam Mahdi would be from the family of Dear Prophet (salallaho alayhay wa sallam) but would NOT look like Dear Prophet(salallaho alayhay wa sallam) in appearance clearly tells that Mahdi will not be living among the Arabs .His appearance described as wearing Qutwani cloaks and looking like a person from Bani Israel shows that he must have been living among the Pathans for a long time and therefore IMAM MAHDI would be dressed also like the Pathans.The Arabs Do not wrap cloaks around them like this and also their cloaks never have fringes and are not made of wool because is not so cold in middle eastTHE UN-RELIABLE SOURCES OF INFORMATIONAccording to Quran ,Sura Al-Hujurat, verse No=6 (The following are three translations of the verse.)49/6 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ جَاءَكُمْ فَاسِقٌ بِنَبَإٍ فَتَبَيَّنُوا أَنْ تُصِيبُوا قَوْمًا بِجَهَالَةٍ فَتُصْبِحُوا عَلَى مَا فَعَلْتُمْ نَادِمِينَYUSUFALI: O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth….PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! If an evil-liver bring you tidings, verify it……SHAKIR: O you who believe! if an evil-doer comes to you with a report, look carefully into it,…The tragedy is that now majority of the world believes in the news, history and other reports that come from the Kafirs of the West and is accepted with the eyes closed with no investigation as the Quran tells us to do so. Priority is given to the reference of those people who had been in dark ages for one thousand years in which they lost all their own knowledge and culture.They started learning was in the 1400 A.Ds after their interaction with the Muslims in the Crusades. A Kafir from the West would tell us the History of India and we will put aside our own written history . Maybe inferiority complex(for no reason) is the cause of such folly. It is for that reason, such unreliable resources are as much avoided as possible in this essay
HISTORY CONCEALED Its not amazing that so called famous historians of the west likeSir Olaf Carou,("The Pathans” St. Martin's Press - New York 1958) and Mr.Frizer Tiller,("The Afghanistan") have intentionally tried to deviate the readers from the true origin of Pashtoons.Like for instance all the above writers shows their :”innocence” and “ignorance” over the true origin of the word “PATHAN”. All these are Christian writers and they have intentionally skipped the fact that the word Pathan is of Israeli origin as clearly written in the CHRONILCES-II that the Great grandson of King Saul and grandson of Jonathon was called PETHAN.Even Mr.Olaf Carou, in his book, is very much confused about the origin of the word Pathan and gives his own stupid ideas about this word and not mentioning the Chronicles-II at all. This is what we call Historical Forgery which the West have a Mastery.Also they have skipped the fact that was the name of the grandson of KING SAUL was called AFGHANA..Also these liars never motioned that the name of the second son of Levi and father of Amram was called KOHAT (Ref: Gen. 46:11) and its also the name of a famous city in the Pathan area of Pakistan. LETS ASK ALLAH TO SAVE US FROM THE LIES AND FRAUD OF THESE DECEIVING WESTERN HISTORIANS AND MAY WE NEVER TRUST THIER REFERENCES .AMEEN. Note:Definition of Cronicles: Also called (in early Roman Catholic translation into English) PARALIPOMENON I AND II, two Old Testament books that were originally part of a larger work that included the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. These three (Ezra and Nehemiah were one book in the Jewish canon) were the final books of the Hebrew Bible.WHY THE MODERN SO CALLED WESTERN HISTORIANS ARE BENT ON DENYING THE CLAIM OF PATHANS? .The reason is only to distort the meaning of ahadith where among Muslims people from the family of Prophet Ishaq (alayhay salam) and Prophet Yaqub or Israel (Alayhay salam) are told to be living in the East in the Historical region of KhorasanOTHER.HISTORICAL REFRERENCESThe claim of Afghans to be the Bani Israel (Children of Israel) is not founded on oral tradition alone. It is supported by ancient monuments, old inscriptions, manuscripts, and historical works, many in the public domain, and many others in private collections. Of recent report is the 12th century Hebrew cemetery a mile and a half from the base of the Tower of Jam in the middle of a very desolate region of Western Afghanistan. [New York Times Magazine, 42, Aug. 25, 2002]One of the most ancient manuscripts available is Rauza ul Albab fi Tawarikh-ul-Akabir wal Ansab – The Garden of the Learned in the History of Great Men and Genealogies – by Abu Suleman Daud bin Abul Fazal Muhammad Albenaketi which was written in 1317 A.D. The author in his Introduction explains that ever since the times of Moses the ancestors of Afghans have had to face great hardships. They were expelled from place to place and exterminated. Their ancient ancestors were sacked more than once and carried into captivity. In Chapter I a detailed history of Yacub (Jacob) is given and in Chapter II the genealogies of the Afghan tribes are further traced.Bukhtawar Khan in his most valuable universal history Mirat-ul-Alam – The Mirror of the World – gives a vivid account of the journeys of the Afghans from the Holy Land to Ghor, Ghazni, and Kabul. Similarly Hafiz Rahmat bin Shah Alam in his Khulasat-ul-Ansab and Fareed-ud-Din Ahmad in Risala-i-Ansab-i-Afghana provide the history of the Afghans and deal with their genealogies.Two of the most famous historical works on the subject are Tarikh-i-Afghana – History of the Afghans – by Niamatullah, which was translated by Bernard Dork in 1829, and Tarikh-i-Hafiz Rahmatkhani, by Hafiz Muhammad Zadeek which he wrote in 1770. These books deal with the early history of the Afghans, their origin and wanderings in general. They particularly discuss the Yusuf Zyes (the Yusefzai, "Sons of Joseph") and their occupation of Kabul, Bajoor, Swat, and Peshawar.Additional authors Syed Jalal-ud-Din Afghani (Tarikh-i-Afghana / History of Afghans), and Syed Abdul Jabbar Shah (Mun'ameen-i-Bani Israel, MS.), ex-Ruler of Swat, deserve to be mentioned. Both these writers discuss the question exhaustively and come to the conclusion that the Afghans represent the Lost Tribes of Israel as viewed from the perspective of the Jewish/Western world.If we turn to Anglo-Western writers during the time of the British Empire we find that they also have come to the same conclusion. The first to reach such is Henry Vansittart. In a letter which appeared in Indian Researches he commented on the Israelitis descent of the Afghans. He expressed the opinion that the claim of the Afghans to be Bani Israel are more than justified given his own observations of their indigenous traditions. [Indian Researches, 1788, Vol. 2: 69]Sir Alexander Brunes in his Travels into Bokhara, which he published in 1835, speaking of the Afghans said: "The Afghans call themselves Bani Israel, or the children of Israel, but consider the term Yahoodi, or Jew, to be one of reproach. They say that Nebuchadnezzar, after the overthrow of Israel, transplanted them into the towns of Ghore near Bamean and that they were called after their Chief Afghana... they say that they lived as Israelites till Khalid summoned them in the first century of the Mohammadans... Having precisely stated the traditions and history of the Afghans I see no good reason for discrediting them... the Afghans look like Jews and the younger brother marries the widow of the elder. The Afghans entertain strong prejudices against the Jewish nation, which would at least show that they have no desire to claim – without just cause – a descent from them. [Sir Alexander Brunes, Travels into Bokhara, Vol. 2:139-141.]Brunes was again in 1837 sent as the first British Envoy to the Court of Kabul. For some time he was the guest of King Dost Muhammad Khan. He questioned the King about the descent of the Afghans from the Israelites. The King replied that "his people had no doubt of that, though they repudiated the idea of being Jews".William Moorcroft traveled during 1819 to 1825 through various countries adjoining India, including Afghanistan. "The Khaibarees," he says, "are tall and have a singularly Jewish cast of features." At Push Kyun, within Afghan territory, he came across a very old copy of the Old Testament in Hebrew. [Moorcroft, Travels in Himalayan Provinces of Hindustan and the Punjab; in Ladakh and Kashmir, in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz and Bokhara, 12]J.B. Frazer in his book, An Historical and Descriptive Account of Persia and Afghanistan, which he published in 1843, says: "According to their own tradition they believe themselves to be descendants from the [Hebrews]...they preserved the purity of their religion until they met with Islam." [J.B. Frazer, A Historical and Descriptive Account of Persia and Afghanistan, 298]J.P. Ferrier wrote his History of the Afghans in 1858. It was translated by Capt. W. M. Jesse. He too was disposed to believe that the Afghans represented the Ten Tribes of Israel. In support of his view he recorded, among others, a very significant fact: “When Nadir Shah marching to the conquest of India arrived at Peshawar, the chief of the tribe of Yoosoof Zyes (Sons of Joseph) presented him with a Bible written in Hebrew and several other articles that had been used in their ancient worship and which they had preserved. These articles were at once recognized by the Jews who followed the camp.” – J.P. Ferrier, History of the Afghans, 4.George Moore published his famous work The Lost Tribes in 1861. He gave numerous facts to prove that these tribes are traceable to the Afghans. After giving details of the character of the wandering Israelites, he said: "And we find that the very natural character of Israel reappear in all its life and reality in countries where people call themselves Bani Israel and universally claim to be the descendants of the Lost Tribes. The nomenclature of their tribes and districts, both in ancient Geography, and at the present day, confirms this universal natural tradition. Lastly, we have the route of the Israelites from Media to Afghanistan and India marked by a series of intermediate stations bearing the names of several of the tribes and clearly indicating the stages of their long and arduous journey." [George Moore, The Lost Tribes]Moore goes on to say: "Sir William Jones, Sir John Malcolm and the missing Chamberlain, after full investigation, were of the opinion that the Ten Tribes migrated to India, Tibet, and Cashemire [Kashmir] through Afghanistan." [[George Moore, The Lost Tribes]Moore has mentioned only three eminent writers on the subject. But reference can also be made to General Sir George Macmunn (Afghanistan from Darius to Amanullah, 215), Col. [G.B. Malleson (The History of Afghanistan from the Earliest Period to the outbreak of the War of 1878, 39), Col. Failson, (History of Afghanistan, 49), George Bell (Tribes of Afghanistan, 15), E. Balfour (Encyclopedia of India, article on Afghanistan), Sir Henry Yule (Encyclopedia Britannica, article on Afghanistan), and the Hon. Sir George Rose (Rose, The Afghans, the Ten Tribes and the Kings of the East, 26). They, one and all, independently came to the same conclusion. Another, Major H.W. Bellew, went on a political mission to Kandahar and published his impressions in his Journal of a Mission to Kandahar, 1857-8. He then wrote in 1879 his book Afghanistan and Afghans. In 1880 he was sent, once again on another mission to Kabul, and in the same year he delivered two lectures before the United Services Institute at Simla: "A New Afghan Question, or "Are the Afghans Israelites?" and "Who are the Afghans?" He then published another book: The Races of Afghanistan. Finally he collected all his facts in An Enquiry into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, which was published in 1891.In this work he mentions Killa Yahoodi ("Fort of the Jews") (H.W. Bellew, An Enquiry into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, 34), as being the name of the eastern boundary of their country, and also speaks of Dasht-i-Yahoodi ("Jewish plain") (ibid., 4), a place in Mardan District. He concludes: "The Afghan’s accounts of Jacob and Esau, of Moses and the Exodus, of the Wars of the Israelites with the Amalekites and conquest of Palestine, of the Ark of the Covenant and of the election of Saul to the Kingdom, etc., etc., are clearly founded on the Biblical records, and clearly indicate a knowledge of the Old Testament, which if it does not prove the presence of the Christians at least corroborates their assertion that the Afghans were readers of the Pentateuch up to the time of the appearance of Mohammad." (Ibid., 191)Note, it is well understood and undisputed that there have never been Christian communities in Afghanistan pre- or for many centuries after the dawn of Islam.Thomas Ledlie wrote an article in the Calcutta Review, which he subsequently elaborated and published in two volumes. He expressed his views on the subject very clearly: "The Europeans always confuse things, when they consider the fact that the Afghans call themselves Bani Israel and yet reject their Jewish descent. Indeed, the Afghans discard the very idea of any descent from the Jews. They, however, yet claim themselves to be of Bani Israel." [Thomas Ledlie, More Ledlian, Calcutta Review, January, 1898]Ledlie goes on to explain: "Israelites, or the Ten Tribes, to whom the term Israel was applied – after their separation from the House of David, and the tribe of Judah, which tribe retained the name of Judah and had a distinct history ever after. These last alone are called Jews and are distinguished from the Bani Israel as much in the East as in the West." [Ibid., 7]Among more contemporary writers Dr. Alfred Edersheim says: "Modern investigations have pointed to the Nestorians and latterly, with almost convincing evidence (so far as it is possible) to the Afghans as descendants from the Lost Tribes." [Dr. Alfred Edersheim, The Life and Times of Jesus, the Messiah, 15]Sir Thomas Holditch in his The Gates of India says: "But there is one important people (of whom there is much more to be said) who call themselves Bani Israel, who claim a descent from Cush and Ham, who have adopted a strange mixture of Mosaic Law in Ordinances in their moral code, who (some sections at least) keep a feast which strongly accords with the Passover,...and for whom no one has yet been able to suggest any other origin than the one they claim, and claim with determined force, and these people are the overwhelming inhabitants of Afghanistan." – Sir Thomas Holditch, The Gates of India, 49.There are many additional references, recorded incidents, manuscripts and artifacts related to the Hebraic history of the Pashtuns for the dedicated objective researcher who seeks them out.In his 1957 classic The Exiled and the Redeemed, Itzhak Ben-Zvi, second President of Israel, writes that Hebrew migrations into Afghanistan began, "with a sprinkling of exiles from Samaria who had been transplanted there by Shalmaneser, King of Assyria (719 BC). From the recurrent references in the Book of Esther to the "one hundred and twenty seven dominions" of King Ahasuerus, the deduction is permissible that eastern Afghanistan was among them." [[The Exiled and the Redeemed, 176]Ben-Zvi continues, "The Afghan tribes, among whom the Jews have lived for generations, are Moslems who retain to this day their amazing tradition about their descent from the Ten Tribes. It is an ancient tradition, and one not without some historical plausibility. A number of explorers, Jewish and non-Jewish, who visited Afghanistan from time to time, and students of Afghan affairs who probed into literary sources, have referred to this tradition, which was also discussed in several encyclopedias in European languages. The fact that this tradition, and no other, has persisted among these tribes is itself a weighty consideration. Nations normally keep alive memories passed by word of mouth from generation to generation, and much of their history is based not on written records but on verbal tradition. This was particulary so in the case of the nations and the communities of the Levant. The people of the Arabian Peninsula, for example, derived all their knowledge of an original pagan cult, which they abandoned in favor of Islam, from such verbal tradition. So did the people of Iran, formerly worshipers of the religion of Zoroaster; the Turkish and Mongol tribes, formerly Buddhists and Shamanists; and the Syrians who abandoned Christianity in favor of Islam. Therefore, if the Afghan tribes persistently adhere to the tradition that they were once Hebrews and in course of time embraced Islam, and there is not an alternative tradition also existent among them, the matter certainly deserves careful and critical examination." [The Exiled and the Redeemed]OTHER REFRENCES:Emperor Jahangir of the MUghal Dynasty ordered his courtier to search for the origin of the Pashtoons and so the famous book "Makhzan e Afghani” was written in 1635,which also confirms the orgin of Pashtoons from the lost tribes According to the tradition, King Saul had a son called Jeremiah who had a son called Afghana. Jeremiah died at about the time of King Saul's death and Afghana was raised by King David and remained in the royal court during King Solomon's reign. About 400 years later in the time of disorder of Israel, the Afghana family fled to a land called Gur which is in central Afghanistan. They settled and traded with the people of the area and in the year 662, with the arrival of Islam, the sons of Israel in Gur converted to the prophet with 7 representatives of the Afghan. The leader of the sons of Israel was Qais like the name of Saul's father. According to this tradition Dear Prophet Muhammad(Salallaho alayhay wa sallam), rewarded them and Qais's Hebrew name was changed to Arab-A-Rashid by Dear Prophet Muhammad(Salallaho alayhay wa sallam)Qais Abdul Rasheed married Sara, the daughter of Khalid Bin Waleed RA(the famous companion of Dear ProphetMuhammad(Salallaho alayhay wa sallam),· The Nawab of Hoti, Sir Akbar Khan, writes in his famous book "The Corrigendum of an Historic Fact" that in 570 BC, the King of Babul Bukht Nasir ordered the two grandsons of Afghana, Armia and Burkhia, to settle the Bin Yamin tribes in his kingdom. Hence they brought their old grandfather to the hills of Herat and started living there. · Khwaja Nazer Ahmad proves in his book "Christ in Heaven on Earth"… . that the Pashtoons belong to the lost tribes of Israel.· Abdul Salim in his book "Nasab Afghana" that Pushtoons trace back to the Jews.· Some ,other references are the following:1. Spain, James W. The Way of the Pathans Oxfor Univ. Press 1962 pp. 27-29.2. The book “THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL (English)” Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail. Copyright 5750 by Amishav. This book is the result of 25 years research of Rav Eliyahu Avichail´s research and fieldwork regarding the descendants of the Ten Tribes exiled from the Land of Israel 2,700 years ago.3. .“The banished of Israel” ( By Yitzhak Ben Tzvi – Fromer President of Israel).4. “New light on Zion”. (By Mr Avraham Zonenshein).5. “Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail” ( Rechov Epstein « 3B – Jerusalem, Israel 96555.6. Websites for reference:http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Pathan http://www.dangoor.com/74069.htmlhttp://www.dangoor.com/74039.htmlhttp://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Afghanistan.htmlhttp://www.kulanu.org/pathan/israeliteorigins.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bnai_Israel CONCLUSION:ITS IS REALLY A STRANGE THINS THAT ALL THE OLDER REFERENCES ADMIT THE AUTHENTICITY OF THE CLAIM OF PATHANS AS THE LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL BUT THE MODERN DAY SO CALLED WESTERN SCHOLARS ARE TRYING THEIR BEST TO DENY THIS FACT BECAUSE BY DENYING THIS FACT, THE MEANING OF THE AHADITH CAN CHANGE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW WHICH RACE IS MENTIONED IN THA HADITHNote:Definition of Cronicles: Also called (in early Roman Catholic translation into English) PARALIPOMENON I AND II, two Old Testament books that were originally part of a larger work that included the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. These three (Ezra and Nehemiah were one book in the Jewish canon) were the final books of the Hebrew Bible
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